The Blind Spectrum: How Blind is Really Blind?

How Blind is Really Blind? I have classified blindness into three sub-categories to try and simplify it for those who are reading this. Trust me, I know that blindness is extremely complicated. I know what you are probably thinking by this point, “Didn’t this girl already make a post like this?” Yes and no. I made a post entitled “Blindness: The Broad Term.” These two posts are similar yet very different. My previous post discussed some of the different diseases that cause blindness and that all blind people are all not just made blind by one sole mysterious cause. This post will be discussing the three different categories you can associate causes of blindness into.These categories are not scientific terms, but they are the categories I am going to use to describe things because I feel it makes explaining blindness to a sighted person 10 times easier.

Before we get into that, yes I am calling my sighted readers “sightees.” It just feels right, you know? Sort of like Muggles in Harry Potter? I choose this term because I feel it is fitting because unlike the muggles who had no idea about magic, you guys are just learning about blindness and how much of the community it affects. That is why you are here, right? Ok, without further wait, here is how I like to categorize causes of blindness.

I like to think of blindness in three different categories: visually impaired, legally blind, and fully blind.

Visually impaired is that “broad term” that is used to push all types of blindness into. It covers being limited in your field of vision to being severely visually impaired. So you could have 20/60 vision in one eye or have 20/800 vision in both eyes, both of these are considered visually impaired. So, to simplify that further, visually impaired just means that someone has some type of vision loss whether that be little or severe.

Legally blind means that a person has a field of vision of 20/200 or less in \at least one eye with the use of corrective lenses. Again, all of these types of blindness kind of all fall into the visually impaired spectrum, yet at the same time they are part of their own spectrum. I, for one, am visually impaired, but I am also legally blind because of the total loss of vision in my left eye.

Lastly, we have fully blind. This means the person has no sight, with or without light perception. For one person, fully blind could mean loss of sight but still being able to see shadows or some form of light. For another person, fully blind means loss of vision completely and has no sight at all (as I am in my left eye).

FUN FACT: 9 out of 10 blind people still have some form of remaining vision. Often it’s not all or nothing. But all forms of blindness come with their own unique challenges.

One more thing I wanted to add was that today we hit 1,000 views on our blog. I refer to it as our blog because you guys make this possible. I would not be writing about the things that I write about if you guys did not come up with the questions. I wanted to sincerely thank you and let you know that I am so grateful for each and every one of you. Thank you so much for being by my side throughout this short journey and hopefully there will be many more blog posts to come.

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